Business tendency in manufacturing, construction, trade and services - January 2024

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In January the assessments of general business climate indicator (both seasonally and non-seasonally adjusted) in most of presented kinds of activities are at a higher or similar level as compared to the ones presented in December. In all areas, the indicator is below the long-term mean[1]. In majority of studied areas, month-to-month level of "diagnostic" as well as "forecasting" components improves or does not change.

Only entities from financial and insurance activities section (plus 19.0) as well as information and communication section (plus 11.6) assess business tendency as positive[1], however below the long-term mean (plus 25.6 and plus 18.0 respectively). The most pessimistic assessments are made by entities from accommodation and food service activities section (minus 11.9) along with manufacturing section (minus 10.5).

In the current month – answers provided between 1st and 10th of each month – supplementary set of questions has been added to the survey. This particular set aims to additionally diagnose the impact of war in Ukraine on business tendency and raises the issue of price developments (results in table 2).


[1] By the phrase „positive” (positive value of the indicator) we consider a situation when percentage of entrepreneurs expecting improvement of their entities’ economic situation in the next three months or observing such an improvement outweighs percentage of entrepreneurs expecting its deterioration.


[1] Long-term mean (arithmetic mean for each general business climate indicator) covers time series since 2000, apart from services (since 2003) and wholesale trade (since 2011).

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