Economic poverty rates in Poland in 2021

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Since 2016, the extreme poverty rate has remained at a similar level of 4–5%. There was a year-on-year decrease in extreme poverty rate from about 5% of people in 2020 to about 4% in 2021 and slightly larger decrease in legal poverty rate from about 9% to less than 7% with the threshold for this poverty unchanged since 2018. On the other hand, the value of the relative poverty rate (about 12%) was at a similar level as in 2020. Small changes in the extent of economic poverty in 2021 took place with a slight improvement in the average material situation of households. With the COVID-19 pandemic still ongoing, both real household income and expenditure levels were higher in 2020. Compared to 2020, no significant changes were observed in the social map of the risk of poverty in Poland, and positive changes regarding the poverty rate were recorded to a greater extent among rural residents than in cities.