The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on selected elements of the labour market in Poland in the fourth quarter of 2022

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In Poland, in the fourth quarter of 2022, the state of epidemic threat in connection with SARS-CoV-2 infections was still in force. Solutions were still in place to prevent and counter the spread of the said virus.
These solutions are also applicable to the labour market. Among them, for instance, is the possibility of working from outside a permanent workplace, that is remote work. The data presented in this publication were obtained from the Labour Demand Survey[1].

At the end of December 2022, there were 422.6 thousand persons who worked remotely due to the epidemic situation. The use of remote working in the private sector was higher than in the public sector. In both sectors, the share was lower than in the fourth quarter of 2021. In the public sector, the share of people who worked remotely due to the epidemic situation in the total number of employed persons decreased from 8.0% at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021 to 1.0% in the analysed period.


[1] The data collected are derived from responses to two additional questions attached on the Reporting Portal to the Labour Demand Survey. The survey is conducted using the representative method on a quarterly basis. According to the scope of the survey, it covers notional economy entities and their local units employing at least 1 person.