Research and experimental development in Poland in 2021

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In 2021, gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) amounted to 37.7 billion PLN and increased by 16.3% in comaparison to the previous year. R&D intensity indicator, which constitutes a share of intramural R&D expenditure in GDP, amounted to 1.44% (in 2020 – 1.39%). Gross domestic expenditure on R&D per capita amounted to 992 PLN and was higher by 16.9% than in the previous year. The number of R&D entities increased by 15.5%.


Correction of data