Mortality and deaths by causes in 2020

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Demographic situation in Poland in 2020 was shaped by COVID-19 pandemic. It was mainly affected by the number of deaths, which was the highest in several years. Number of deaths in 2020 exceeded by more than 100 thousand the annual average from last 50 years (477 thousand deaths compared to 364 thousand). Moreover mortality rate per 100 thousand population reached the highest value from 1951.

In 2020, 477 335 people died– this number was higher compared to 2019 by nearly 68 thousand. The highest death rate in 2020 was noted in 4th quarter – there was over 60 percent more deaths than in analogical period of previous year. The most notable was 45th week (from 2nd to 8th November) when more than 16 thousand people died. Weekly average in 2020 exceeded 9 thousand deaths, while in 2019 it was less than 8 thousand deaths.