Terms used in official statistics

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Surface water


Meand inland waters, except groundwater (all standing or flowing water on the surface of the land); transitional waters and coastal waters, except in respect of chemical status for which it shall also include territorial waters.

The inland surface waters are divided into:

1. flowing

  • in natural watercourses, canals and springs, where these flowing waters begin,
  • in lakes or other natural reservoirs with continous or periodical natural inflow or outflow of surface water,
  • in artificial reservoirs situated on flowing waters;

2. standingwater

  • water in lakes and other natural water reservoirs not directly and naturally connected with surface flowing waters.

  • Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy
    Place of publication: (Dz. Urz. WE L 327 z 22.12.2000, str. 1, z późn. zm. Dz. Urz. UE Polskie wydanie specjalne, rozdz. 15, t. 5, str. 275, z późn. zm.)
  • Act of 20 July 2017, New Water Law
    Place of publication: (Dz. U. z 2023 r. poz. 1478, z późn. zm.)

High-level terms

Low-level terms:

Contact person on methodology:
GUS – Departament Rolnictwa i Środowiska