Terms used in official statistics

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Marital status


The legal situation of a person is defined on the basis of relevant civil status acts.

According to Polish law there are four categories of marital status: single

  • persons who have never been legally married,
  • married – persons who are legally married,
  • divorced – persons whose marriage was dissoluted by a judicial decree,
  • widowed – persons whose marriage ceased to exist due to the death of a spouse.

Persons against whom a court ruled separation from a legal point of view - continued to remain in a marriage.

  • Act of 28 November 2014, the Vital Records Law
    Place of publication: (Dz.U. 2021 poz. 709, z późn. zm.)

High-level terms

Contact person on methodology:
GUS – Departament Badań Demograficznych
Amendments to the description of a concept: