The situation of households in 2020 on the basis of results of the Household Budget Survey

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In 2020, the financial situation of households slightly improved despite the COVID-19 pandemic, which had a significant impact on the level and structure of expenditure in particular. Households reached higher income, but in comparison with previous year spent noticeably less. Expenditure changed in response to the dynamics and constraints of the pandemic.The level of average monthly available income per capita in 2020 rounded up to 1 PLN, amounted to PLN 1919 and in real terms it was higher by 2.0% (by 5.4% in nominal terms) than the income in 2019. Thereby the upward trend in available income was maintained, but its dynamics slowed down. The average monthly expenditure per capita in households in 2020 amounted to PLN 1210 and in real terms it was lower by 6.5% (by 3.4% in nominal terms) than expenditure in 2019. Expenditure on consumer goods and services amounted to PLN 1165 and in real terms it was lower by 6.2% (by 3.0% in nominal terms) in comparison with 2019.At the same time, expenditure on food and non-alcoholic beverages, as well as housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels (which have the highest share in the expenditure structure) increased in relation to 2019. These changes were conditioned by the changing dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions.