Terms used in official statistics

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Disposal operation D10 - the incineration of waste where the main purpose of the incineration is the thermal treatment of waste in order to reduce the volume and the hazardousness of the waste, and to obtain an inert product that can be disposed of. This primarily includes incineration plants dedicated to the thermal treatment of wastes by oxidation or other thermal treatment processes (e.g. pyrolysis, gasification or plasma processes) [1], with or without recovery of the combustion heat generated.

The most common examples are:

  • municipal solid waste incineration plants (unless they fulfil the energy efficiency standards set in Annex II of the Waste Framework Directive);
  • hazardous waste incineration plants;
  • sewage sludge incineration plants;
  • incineration plants for clinical waste;
  • incineration plants for animal carcasses.

D10 also covers the incineration of waste in co-incineration plants26 where the waste undergoes thermal treatment rather than being used as a fuel.

  • Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2002 on waste statistics
    Place of publication: (Dz. Urz. WE L 332 z 09.12.2002, str. 1, z późn. zm.)

Contact person on methodology:
GUS – Departament Rolnictwa i Środowiska