Terms used in official statistics

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Bad quality land

Description of the concept that applied to: 29.11.2012


Arable land is divided into good, medium, and bad quality land. Bad Quality Land, (barren land) the following quality classes are distinguished, denoted by the symbols V, VI.

Prices of arable land and in private turnover (quarterly) are the purchase/sales prices, as well as lease prices for selected agricultural land designated for agricultural activity, recorded by the interviewers of the CSO.

Class V - Arable soils of poor quality - sandy soils Class V soils show low fertility and are highly defective. This Class covers too light, as well as flat and stony soils, usually poor in nutritive components, and too wet soils, not drained or not suitable for drainage. Light and dry Class V soils belong to the bad or very bad rye soil complexes, while heavy and wet soils belong to the agriculturally weak cereal-fodder complexes. This Class includes such soils as brown, rusty, lessive, sand- and loam gravel-formed podsolic soils, flat alluvial soils, intrazonal soils, and stony soils. Class VI - Arable soils of the poorest quality Class VI soils are bad, defective and unstable, and the plant-crop yields are very low and uncertain. These soils are too dry and loose, as well as very flat or flat, and very stony, all of which make them difficult to cultivate, or too wet with high levels of ground water, often with peat or marshy humus, which makes them very difficult to drain. Dry soils which belong to this Class can be classified exclusively to the very bad rye complex. In principle, these soils are more suitable for afforestation than for agricultural production. Marshy soils which belong to this Class are usually used as pastures. Class VI covers the following types of soil: rusty and podsolic soils, ranker soils, flat initial intrazonal soils, and heavy marshy alluvial soils.