Special education is organised for children and youths with special educational needs, including the young disabled, and may be fulfilled within the school system or in the form of individual instruction.
Special education (at the level of primary school, lower secondary school and upper secondary school) takes place in individually-functioning special schools or in generally-accessible mainstream schools, in which the following sections are created - special, integration, mainstream or therapeutic and compensatoey, as well as in special educational centres or healthcare institutions (including health resorts). The data concerning special schools is provided in tables concerning the relevant level of teaching. Pupils with special educational needs study within one of the established educational system after they have been referred by a public psychological-pedagogical counselling centre (or other public specialist counselling centre) for the need of special or individual education.
Act of 7 September 1991 on the Education System
Place of publication: (Dz.U. 2019 poz. 1481)