Requirements for the preparation of an article
Optimal volume of an article (including charts, tables and literature) is from10 to 20 pages. The text should be prepared in compliance with the following guidelines:
- Text editor – Microsoft Word, .doc or .docx format
- Font – Arial
- author – simple typeface, capital letters, left alignment, 12 points;
- title of development – simple typeface, centering, 16 points;
- titles of chapters – italics, capital letters, centering, 14 points;
- titles of subchapters – italics, left alignment, 12 points;
- main text – simple style, justification, 12 points;
- abstract – italics, justification, 12 points;
- footnotes – 10 points
- Margins in A4 format – 2.5 cm on each side.
- Spacing – 1.5 lines; tables – 1 row; before the chapter and sub-chapter titles and after them – a blank line.
- Indentation of paragraphs – 0.4 cm
- Listing of various categories should start with bullets in the form of dots, and numbering – with Arabic numerals.
- The pages should be numbered automatically.
- Charts and maps should be included in the article and necessarily sent in a separate original file, e.g. Excel or Corel. The data on which the charts are based should also be provided. Guidelines for mapping can be found in the Statistical maps. Development and presentation of data publication, available on the Statistics Poland’s website in the Publications tab http://stat.gov.pl/statystyka-regionalna/publikacje-regionalne/podreczniki-atlasy/podreczniki/mapy-statistyczne-opracowanie-i-prezentacja-danych.1 , 1.html.
- The tables should be placed in the text, in accordance with the content of the article. Rasters, shading, bolding or double lines, etc. should not be used in tables.
- The source of the study should be given under the charts and tables.
- Letter symbols should be written as follows: matrices – upper case letters, bold letters (e.g. P, Nij); vectors – lower case letters, italics, bold (e.g. w, xi); other variables - lower or upper case letters, italics, without bold (eg w, xi, and Z).
- Abbreviations are used: table – tabl., chart – ch.
- Footnotes to the text should be placed at the bottom of the page.
- The list of attached literature and of citation of certain work in the article should be prepared in accordance with the APA (American Psychological Association) standards.
Rules for citing a work in the text:
One author: regardless of how many times the work is cited, the name of the author and the publication date of the work should always be provided, and for more than one work published by the given author in the same year, consecutive letters of the alphabet should be added near the date (e.g. 2001a ). For example: As stated by Iksiński (2001) ... Research indicates that ... (Iksiński, 2001).
Two authors: regardless of how many times the work is cited, the names of both authors and the publication date of the work should always be provided, and for more than one work of these authors published in the same year, consecutive letters of the alphabet should be added near the date. Authors' names should always be combined by the “and” conjunction, even when referring to a foreign language publication. For example: As suggested by Iksiński and Nowak (1999) ... Research shows that ... (Iksiński and Nowak, 1999).
From three to five authors: cited for the first time – l names of all authors should be listed separating them with commas and placing the “and” conjunction between the last two names. For subsequent indications of the same work, the phrase “and co-authors ” should be used (in the case of citing names in the sentence structure) or “et al.” (when the names of the authors do not form part of the sentence structure). For example: A reference for the first time: As suggested by Nowak, Iksiński and Jankiewicz (2003)... Research (Nowak, Iksiński and Jankiewicz, 2003) indicate that ... Further references: Research by Nowak and co-authors (2003) ... These studies indicate that (Nowak et al., 2003)...
Six and more authors: only the name of the first author should be mentioned, both when the work is cited for the first time and in subsequent citations, while the remaining authors should be replaced by the term “and co-authors” (in the case of placing names in the sentence structure) or “et al.” (when surnames do not form part of the sentence structure). The names of all authors of the work should be included in the attached literature. For example:: Nowakowski and co-authors claim that ... (1997). The first research on this topic (Nowakowski et al., 1997) suggest ....
Citing several works at the same time: they should be listed in the alphabetical order, according to the name of the first author. Citations of subsequent works must be separated by a semicolon. Years of publication of the works by the same author / authors must be separated by a comma. For example: Iksiński (2001); Nowak and Iksiński (1999, 2005). (Iksiński, 1997, 1999, 2004a, 2004b, Nowak and Iksiński, 1999).
Citing the work appearing in the work of another author: it is used in the text, while in an attached literature it is necessary to include only the work read. For example: As Nowakowski (1990,as cited in: Zieniecka, 2007) has shown ... Research suggests that ... (Nowakowski, 1990, as cited in: Zieniecka, 2007).
- The list of literature should be placed at the end of the study. The works should be written in an alphabetical order, according to the name of the first author. In the case of two or more works by the same author/authors, they should be ordered according to the year of publication. If several works by the same author / authors were published in the same year, insert the letters a, b, c, etc. after the year of publication, ordering the work alphabetically by title. The record for each new job should be started without indentation, aligned to the left margin, however in the following lines 0.4 cm indentation should be used.
Exemplary records of attached literature:
Below are the patterns of bibliographic descriptions of the main sources (articles and books). The methods of recording other, less-frequently cited sources are provided in detail in the sixth issue of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The APA standards in relation to the Polish language can be found in the publication titled Podstawowe standardy edytorskie naukowych tekstów psychologicznych w języku polskim na podstawie reguł APA, available on the http://www.liberilibri.pl/harasimczuk website.
- an article in a journal in which each subsequent number/issue within one year has its own page numbering (in each issue the first page is numbered 1): Surname, X., Surname 2, X.Y., Surname 3, Z. (year). Title of article. Title of journal, year (issue), page of the beginning-page of the end.
- an article in a journal in which consecutive issues/numbers in one year do not have a separate page numbering (the first page in the next issue is numbered with a consecutive number, after the last page in the previous issue): Surname, X., Surname 2, X.Y., Surname 3, Z. (year). Title of article. Title of journal, year, first page – last page.
- if the article has a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number, it must be provided at the end of the bibliographic description: Surname, X., Surname 2, X. Y. (year). Title of article. Title of journal, year, first page – last page. DOI: xxxxx.
- book: Surname, X., Surname, X.Y. (year). Title of the book. Place of publication: Publishing house.
- book edited by: Surname, X. (ed.). (year). Title of the book. Place of publication: Publishing house.
- chapter in a collective work: Surname, X. (year). Title of the chapter. In: Y. Surname, B. Surname (ed.), Title of the book (first page – last page). Place of publication: Publishing house.
- if the text is on the website and is not an article in the journal, a book or a chapter in the book,
- the author, date of publication (if known), title should be provided and the information on the website from which the text was downloaded should be indicated: Surname, X. (year). Title of the text. Downloaded from: website address.
- Only items cited in the article should be included in the list of literature. The study prepared in a manner inconsistent with the above guidelines will be sent back with a request to adjust its form in accordance with the editorial office's requirements.